Irish Sagas at UCC University College Cork



Tochmarc Étaíne

Place and tribal names

Google Map of Places in text

(Onom. = Onomasticon Goedelicum)
(FM. = Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland by the Four Masters, ed. O’Donovan)
(Im. = The Tribes and Customs of Hy-Many, ed. O’Donovan)
(Lct. = Leabhar na gCeart, ed. O’Donovan)
(Tp. = Topographical Poems, ed. O’Donovan)
(Mis. = Miscellany of the Celtic Society, ed. O’Donovan)
(Mm. = O’Curry’s Lectures on the Manuscript Materials of Ancient Irish History)
(Mc. = O’Curry’s Manners and Customs of the Ancient Irish)
(ML. = Cath Mhuighe Léana, ed. O’Curry)
(Ra. = Reeves’ Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down, Connor and Dromore)
(Au. = Annals of Ulster, ed. Hennessy/MacCarthy)
(Ed. = Edinburgh Dinnsenchas, ed. Stokes)
(Rc. = Revue Celtique)

In addition to the above online sources, identification of the placenames below is based on the Fascicles of the following publication, where available:

HDGP = Historical dictionary of Gaelic placenames (Ó Riain et al.)

The placenames marked with a star (*) below have been identified and appear in the Google Map above.

Ailbhe  = Mag Ailbe, a plain in South Co. Kildare and North Co. Carlow (Lct. pp.16-17, note u) (Mm. p. 487 (520), note 49) (HDGP i p. 30, s.n. Ailbhe (1) = Magh Ailbhe) (Onom. ‘m. ailbe’, ‘ailbhe’), §1.23

*Amnas, perhaps the Owenass River, a tributary of the River Barrow, on the Southern boundary of the barony of Tinnahinch (Map), Co. Laois (HDGP i p. 56, s.n. Amhnas), §1.14

Banba, originally an alternative name for Breagha; more commonly used as a poetic name for Ireland (HDGP ii p. 76, s.n. Banbha) (Onom. ‘banba’), §3.23

*Banna, the River Bann in Ulster (FM. i p. 326, note m) (HDGP ii p. 78, s.n. Banna, (an) (1)) (Onom. ‘banna’), §1.14

Bendtraigi (Laigen), in Leinster (HDGP ii p. 129, s.n. Beanntraighe (4)) (Onom. ‘bendtraigi laigen’), §§3.22, 3.23

*Bóand, the River Boyne in Leinster (FM. i p. 91, A.M. 5160) (HDGP ii p. 155, s.n. Bóinn (Bóann), an) (Onom. ‘bóand’), §§1.5, 1.8

Breifne, (Bréifne), (Uí Briúin Bréifne), (Map – Uí Briúin Bréifne), people and territory approximately equivalent to the diocese of Kilmore (Map), in Co. Leitrim and Co. Cavan (Tp. p. xxxvi (250), note 260) (HDGP ii p. 189, s.n. Bréifne, (an)) (Onom. ‘breifne’), §§3.5, 3.11

*Brí Léith, a hill, 1 mile South-West of the village of Ardagh, in Garrycam townland, barony of Moydow (Map), Co. Longford (Lct. p. 9, note p) (HDGP ii p. 197, s.n. Brí Léith) (Onom. ‘b. léith’), §§1.2, 1.3, 1.15, etc.

*Brug na Bóinne = Brug Meicc ind Óc, Newgrange monument, a burial mound in the townland of Newgrange, barony of Slane Upper (Map), Co. Meath (FM. i p. 22, note w) (HDGP ii p. 207, s.n. Brugh (na) Bóinne, p. 205, s.n. Brugh Mic an Óg) (Onom. ‘b. meicc ind óc’, ‘brug na bóinne’, ‘b. na bóinne’), §§1.1, 1.5, 1.6, etc.

Cleiteach, legendary house-site overlooking the River Boyne, Co. Meath (FM. i pp. 115-116, note o) (ML. p. 66 (102), note b) (HDGP v p. 69, s.n. Cleiteach (1)) (Onom. ‘cleiteach’), §1.8

Cnoc Síde in Broga, a hill in the townland of Newgrange, barony of Slane Upper (Map), Co. Meath (HDGP v p. 183, s.n. Cnoc Sídhe an Bhrugha) (Onom. ‘c. síde in broga’), §§1.6, 1.9

Connachta, the territory west of the River Shannon (HDGP vi p. 48, s.n. Connachta) (Onom. ‘connachta’), §3.23

Dún Fremain in Mide, not identified (Onom. ‘d. fremain’,‘fremaind’), §2.1

*Dún Fremain in Tethbe, Frewin Hill, over the Western shore of Loch Owel, in Wattstown townland, barony of Corkaree (Map), Co. Westmeath (FM. i p. 89, note w) (Onom. ‘d. fremain’,‘fremaind’), §§2.1, 3.21, 3.23

*Finn, the River Finn in the barony of Raphoe South (Map), Co. Donegal (FM. i p. 37, note p) (Onom. ‘finn’), §1.14

Fir Cúl (Breg), (Fir Cúl Breg), (Map – Fir Chúl Breg), now the baronies of Kells Upper and Kells Lower (Map), Co. Meath (FM. i p. 297, note p) (Onom. ‘f. cúl’ and ‘f. cúl breg’), §§3.22, 3.23

Fremain Tethbe, see Dún Fremain, §§2.1, 2. 4, 3.21, 3.22

*Inber Cíchmaine = Inber mBicne, at Bangor, Co. Down (Mc. iii p. 162) (Rc. xxiv, p. 154) (Onom.‘i. cíchmaine’, ‘i. mbicne’), §§1.21, 1.22, 1.23, 2.2

*Loch nDairbrech, Lough Derravaragh, Co. Westmeath (FM. i p. 9, note e) (Onom. ‘l. ndairbrech’), §1.23

Loch dá Líg, not identified (Onom. ‘l. dá líg’), §1.23

Lóche, a river, not identified, §1.14

Luigne, (Luigne), (Map – Luigni), the barony of Lune (Map), Co. Meath (Tp. p. iv (218), note 15) (Onom. ‘luigne’), §3.22

Mag Breg = Brega, (Map – Brega), the Eastern part of the central plain, between Midhe and the Irish Sea, mainly in Co. Meath, with parts of Co. Dublin (North of the River Liffey) and Co. Louth (South of the River Dee) (Lct. p. 11, note z) (HDGP ii p. 174, s.n. Breagha (1) / Magh Bhreagh) (Onom. ‘m. breg’, ‘brega’), §3.1

Mag Dula, a plain in the barony of Keenacht (Map), Co. Derry (Au. ii p. 137, A.D. 1160) (Onom. ‘m. dula’), §1.13

Mag Fáil = Inis Fáil, Ireland (Onom. ‘m. fáil’), §3.10

Mag Inis, the baronies of Lecale Upper and  Lecale Lower (Map), Co. Down (FM. i p. 36, note w) (Onom. ‘m. inis’), §§1.1, 1.12

Mag Itha, a plain along the River Finn in the barony of Raphoe South (Map), Co. Donegal (Rc. xvi p. 40) (Tp. p. xviii (232), note 87) (Onom. ‘m. itha’), §1.13

Mag Lemna, a plain along the River Blackwater, in the barony of Clogher (Map), Co. Tyrone (Tp. p. xxi (235), note 119) (Onom. ‘m. lemna’), §1.13

Mag Li, (Fir Lí) (Map – Fir Lí), a territory on the West of the River Bann, in the modern barony of Coleraine (Map), Co. Derry (Ra. pp. 295-296, note g, p. 330, note a) (Onom. ‘m. lí’), §1.13

Mag Line, Moylinny, a plain extending from Lough Neagh to near Carrickfergus, Co. Antrim; probably co-extensive with the deanery of Moylinny; the townland Moylinny, in the parish of Antrim, Co. Antrim, preserves the name of this plain (Mis. p. 351, note o) (Ra. pp. 62-63, note a) (Onom. ‘m. line’), §1.13

Mag Macha, the plain around the town of Armagh, Co. Armagh (FM. i p. 10, note w) (Onom. ‘m. macha’), §1.13

Mag Már, in elfland, §3.10

Mag Muirthemne, (Map – Conaille Muirthemne), an ancient plain which extended from Drogheda to Dundalk and Carlingford (FM. i p. 10, note u) (Onom. ‘muirthemne’), §1.13

Mag Techt, a plain in (Uí Meic Uais) in (Airghialla), south of Lough Foyle (Map – Uí Macc Uais); the (Uí Meic Uais Mide) were in (Midhe) (Map – Uí Maic Uais), in the barony of Moygoish (Map), Co. Westmeath (FM. i. p. 485, A.D. 851) (FM. i p. 36, note r) (Onom. ‘m. techt’), §1.13

Mag Tóchair, a plain at the foot of Slieve Snaght, in the baronies of Inishowen West and Inishowen East (Map), Co. Donegal (FM. i p. 10, note o) (Onom. ‘m. tóchair’), §1.13

Mide, (Mide) (Map – Mide), Mide is nearly coextensive with the diocese of Meath (Map), which includes the greater part of Co.’s Meath, Westmeath and Offaly (Au. ii p. 133) (Onom. ‘mide’), §§2.1, 3.5, 3.11

*Modarn, the Mourne River, Co. Tyrone (FM. vi p. 1933) (Onom. ‘modarn’), §1.14

Móin Lamraigi, see Magh Lamraide, near Armagh, Co. Armagh (Ed. p. 484); in Co. Fermanagh (FM. iv p. 1130 (484), note r) (Onom. ‘m. lamraigi’), §§3.5, 3.8, 3.11

Nas, a river; not identified, §1.14

Oichén, a river; not identified, §1.14

Óinach Bodbgnai, Bodbgnai = Badna was nearly coextensive with the barony of Ballintobber North (Map), Co. Roscommon; in it was Sliab Bodbgnai = Sliab Badna, (Map – Sliabh Baghna), Slieve Bawn (Im. p. 90, note h) (FM. i p. 11, note b) (Onom. ‘badbgna’, ‘badna’, ‘s. bodbgnai’, ‘s. badna’, ‘ó. bodbgnai’), §1.25

Or, a river; not identified, §1.14

*Sámair, the River Erne which goes out of Lower Lough Erne into the sea (FM. vi p. 2011, note u) (Onom. ‘sámair’), §1.14

Síd Ban Find = Síd ar Femin (Onom. ‘s. ban find’, ‘s. na mban finn’), §§1.23, 3.15, 3.16

Síd Breg Leith, see Brí Léith, (Onom. ‘s. breg leith’), §3.17

*Síd ar Femin, on Slievenamon, a mountain 8 miles North East of Clonmel, Co. Tipperary (FM. i pp. 46-47, note w) (Onom. ‘s. ar femin’, ‘s. femin’, ‘s. feimhin’), §3.15

Síd Nenta iar nuisciu, (Map – Sídh Neanta), Fairymount, in the parish of Kilgefin, barony of South Ballintober (Map), Co. Roscommon (Im. p. 6 (16), note r) (Onom. ‘s. nenta’), §§3.21, 3.23

Slena, a river, not identified, §1.14

*Sliab Fúait, Sliabh Fuaid, the highest mountain in the Fews, a mountain range near Newtownhamilton, in the barony of Fews Upper (Map), in Co. Armagh (FM. i p. 26, note g) (Onom. ‘s. fúait’), §3.20

*Temair, Tara (Map – Teamair), Co. Meath (FM. i pp. 30-31, note h) (Onom. ‘temair’), §§2.2, 2.3, 3.1, 3.22

Tethbe, (Fir Tethba), (Map – Tethba), the kingdom of Teffia was said to extend through much of modern Co. Longford and Co. Westmeath (FM. iii p. 156, note z)  (Onom. ‘tethbe’), §§2.1, 2.4

Tír Már, in elfland, §3.10

Túatha Tethbe, see Tethbe, §3.23

*Uisnech, Ushnagh Hill (Map – Uisneach), in Co. Westmeath (FM. i p. 166, note c) (Onom. ‘uisnech’), §1.5

Ulaid, Ulster (Onom. ‘ulaid’), §1.21

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